A Brief Guide to Insomnia: Everything You Need to Know About It

A person sitting on a bed

Insomnia is a disorder of sleep or wakefulness that causes people to have trouble sleeping at night. Insomnia can last for days, weeks, months, or even years. Insomnia may be caused by other medical conditions such as depression, anxiety disorders, chronic pain and heart failure. insomnia could also arise from drug abuse (including alcohol), dieting with too few calories per day, lack of physical activity in one’s daily routine-even too much exercise can cause insomnia-and it could also be triggered by certain medications including stimulants like amphetamines and antidepressants like bupropion.

Symptoms of Insomnia

A woman sitting on a bed

Insomnia can have a number of symptoms, which can vary depending on the person. These symptoms can include difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or having restless sleep. Other symptoms can include daytime fatigue, difficulty concentrating, mood changes, and headaches.

What Causes Insomnia?

A baby lying on a bed

There are a number of factors that can contribute to insomnia. Although insomnia is not classified as an illness, the condition may be caused by other illnesses such as colds or allergies. Other common causes include: stress and anxiety, insomnia due to mental illness (e.g., depression), insomnia due to medical problems (e.g., respiratory and heart conditions), environmental factors (e.g., excess noise or light at night), medications, caffeine use late in the day, insufficient sleep during the week, jet lag, shift work changes in time zones can make insomnia worse.

Statistics and Facts

Insomnia affects about 10% of adults worldwide who are suffering unnecessarily because they don’t know the many different types of insomnia there are nor the ways in which insomnia can be treated. Insomnia is classified in three major groups: insomnia with sleep onset problems, insomnia without sleep-onset insomnia, and lastly insomnia associated with wakefulness during the second half of night.

Insomnia continues to affect people all over the world even though there are many common insomnia treatments that can totally relieve one’s insomnia symptoms. Antidepressant medications, anti-anxiety medications, and insomnia sleep aids are some of the most common insomnia treatments. Insomnia treatments also include cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia which is a form of psychotherapy that’s been known to benefit certain insomniacs suffering from insomnia who have trouble sleeping at night.


There are many different insomnia self-treatments that insomnia sufferers can do to help prevent insomnia like: avoiding napping during the day, trying to go to sleep and wake up at the same times everyday, establishing a relaxing pre-sleep ritual each night, creating a comfortable sleep environment for oneself, avoiding caffeine before bedtime, removing electronic devices from one’s bedroom (including TV’s), and lastly insomnia sufferers should avoid taking long naps during the day. Insomnia is a sleep disorder that can be effectively treated and insomnia treatments are available for insomnia sufferers who need them most.

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