Snoring is a harsh noise that is made by the nose or mouth when the person is sleeping and his breathing is partially obstructed. Some common reasons for snoring are an anatomic variation of the nose, nasal congestion (may be due to obesity or cold) and alcohol consumption. Bulky throat tissue, poor muscle tone in the throat and tongue and long soft palate are also some of the reasons for snoring. There are some home remedies or tools which can be used to stop snoring. But, in major cases, surgery for snoring is required. Surgery for snoring is a risky affair.
Health Risk Associated With Snoring
- Interruption in breathing also called sleep apnea is one of the major risk. In sleep apnea the breathing can stop. This can last from few seconds to few minutes. This may also lead to the death of the person.
- Disturbed sleep or frequent waking up from sleep. This results in less sleep and hence calls for health issues.
- Less deep sleep and more lighter sleep.
- Strain on the heart due to less sleep. It causes high blood pressure thus, enlargement of heart and more risk of heart attack.
- Drowsy and tired body throughout the day.
Types Of Snoring Surgery
- Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty– in this procedure an attempt is made to widen the airway. This is done by removing the tissues of the back throat. Some tissues of uvula and pharynx is also removed. This surgery can be very risky. This surgery may lead to the formation of enough scar tissue which can make the airway more narrow than before.
- Radiofrequency Ablation– in this procedure instead of removing the tissues radiofrequency energy and heat are used to soften the tissue at the back of the throat. The heat ranges between 77C and 85C. After healing, the treated tissue gets stiffened. This process may take less than an hour. The treatment is effective but does not eliminate snoring completely.
- Bipolar radiofrequency ablation/ Coblation tonsillectomy– In this surgical procedure the patient’s tonsils are removed. The tissue around the tonsil is destroyed that attach them to the pharynx. This procedure is held by using low-temperature radiofrequency. This surgery is less painful than radiofrequency ablation. Its success rate is also high.
Risk Of Surgery
The first reactions in the body can be due to the general anesthesia drug. This can cause short term or long term problems. Vomiting, nausea, muscle soreness, headache can be some side effects. Another risk is swelling in the whole mouth at the beginning of the treatment. Later swelling occurs in mostly tongue, tissue near tonsils and at the back of the throat. Sometimes bleeding near tonsil area can also occur. Infection may develop in mouth after surgery.
Recovery From Snoring Through Surgery
Recovery after the surgery may require 1-2 weeks. The patient may experience some pain in the throat, ears, jaws, and neck. So, pain medication is advised. A patient needs to consume lots of fluids to prevent dehydration. Soft and smooth food is recommended. Lots of bed rest and no physical activity is advised.